Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Psychology, Payam Noor university of Tehran, South Branch

2 Ph.D. Candidate of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch

3 Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University

4 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch

5 Ph.D. Candidate of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch


The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of neuro-verbal programming on test anxiety and self-efficacy of secondary school students in Sanandaj. The present study had a semi-experimental pretest-posttest design with control group. The sample consisted of 30 students who were selected based on structured interviews and the implementation of the Sarahson Anxiety Inventory (1957) and then they were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups. The experimental group was trained in 8 sessions with neurological planning while the control group did not receive any experimental intervention. Anxiety Inventory Questionnaire of Sarason (1957) and Social Self-Efficacy Scale (Smith & Betz, 2000) were used as the pretest and posttest. The results of one-way covariance analysis showed that therapeutic interventions were effective in reducing the test anxiety in the experimental group (P<0.01), but did not affect the self-efficacy of the individuals (P<0.05). In general, the results indicated that counseling and psychotherapy specialists can apply the verbal neural program approach for the treatment of anxiety disorders.


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