Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Educational Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Educational Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

3 Department of Counselling, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran


The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of meta-cognitive education on teaching-learning strategies of gifted high school students in Ardabil city. This quasi-experimental study was conducted considering two groups: one control group and one experimental group, including a pretest and a posttest design. The sample of the study consisted of 40 students of Ardabil city in 2017. The 40 students were selected from the community using random sampling method and were randomly divided into two groups: one experimental group and one control group (20 people in each). Pre-test and post-test were performed by Weinstein teaching-learning strategies, for both groups. The experimental group was trained by the meta-cognitive training program and the control group did not receive any training. Pre-test and post-test results were analyzed using inferential statistics and Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA). Findings showed that meta-cognitive training enhances teaching and learning qualities, also the effectiveness of meta-cognitive training on most components of teaching-learning strategies including test and information processing strategies, attitude, motivation, time management, self-testing, study guidance and effective focus was crystal clear. Although the status of these components improved in the experimental group, but was meaningless on the anxiety components and the choice of the main idea.


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