The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Education on Emotional, Psychological, and Social Well-being of 12th grade students in Tehran

Document Type: Original Article

Author

Department of , Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/iepa.2019.204484.1134

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness education on emotional, psychological, and social well-being of 12th grade students in Tehran. The research method was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest design and control group. The statistical population of the study included all 12th grade students of the 12th district of Tehran in the academic year of 2018 to 2019. 60 students who gained low scores in three dimensions of Subjective Well-Being Questionnaire of Keyes and Magyar-Moe (2003) were selected through random sampling method. The participants were assigned into 2 experimental and control groups. The experimental groups received a Mindfulness protocol in 8 sessions during 2 hours. After completion of the sessions, all the participants were re-evaluated. Data were analyzed through multivariate analysis of covariance. The findings showed that in the emotional well-being aspect, with the components of positive emotional affection (P < 0.025, F = 17/80) and negative emotions (P <0.025, F = 5/41), in the psychological well-being, with the components self-esteem (P < 0.008, F = 25.26), life goal (P < 0.008, F = 38.19), environmental domination (P <0.008, F=82.82), relationships with others (P < 0.008, F = 19.12), as well as personal development (P < 0.008, F = 87.38), and in the social well-being aspect, admission and acceptability (P <0.01, F =18.09) and realism (P <0.01, F = 11.30), there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups and it can be concluded that the mindfulness education affects the improvement of psychological, social and emotional well-being components in the students.

Keywords


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