The Impact of Using the Reverse Learning Approach on Educational Goals and Lifelong Learning

Document Type: Original Article


1 Ph.D. student of teaching management, Allameh Tabatabae'i University, Tehran

2 Farhangian University (Shahid Modares Campus), Sanandaj, Iran



This research investigated the effect of using the reverse-learning approach on academic goal-oriented and lifelong learning of teacher students of Farhangian University. This is an applied research using a quasi-experimental research method. The research design was pre-test and post-test with the experimental and control groups. The population of this research included all teacher students of Farhangian University who were studying in the academic years 2018 and 2019. A cluster randomized two-stage random sampling method was used to collect the sample. At first, a pre-test of educational goal-orientation and lifelong learning was administered in both groups and after the implementation of the course at the end of the first semester, both groups were subjected to the post-test. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics including mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics, multivariate analysis of covariance analysis were used. Findings of the study showed the effectiveness of reverse education compared with the traditional method on academic goals and lifelong learning.