Comparison of the effectiveness of yoga training with emotion regulation training on students' working memory and cognitive flexibility

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 department of psychology. Islamic Azad University, Tehran. Iran.

2 Department of psychology, Faculty of psychology, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran.

10.22034/iepa.2020.214025.1145

Abstract

This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of yoga training with emotion regulation training on students' working memory and cognitive flexibility. The research methodology was quasi-experimental designed as pretest and posttest with control and follow-up groups. Entire second-grade female high schoolers in the 2nd District of Tehran, during 2018-19 academic year, constituted study’s statistical population, of whom 54 students were chosen using cluster random sampling method, and randomly assigned into three groups. The pretest of N-back and Denis & Wenderval’s cognitive flexibility (2010) was administered for all three groups; and then the experimental groups received yoga training and emotion regulation intervention and finally posttest was implemented followed by 4-week follow-up test. . Data analysis used by analysis of variance with repeated measurements exhibited that, both trainings significantly influence an increase in components of difference recognition and recognition time of working memory and cognitive flexibility (p≤/001). Yoga training had a more effect on the component of difference recognition and psychological flexibility than on emotional regulation training (p≤/001), while the impact of both two interventions had not a significant difference on the component of recognition time.

Keywords