Spatial Memory and Symptoms of Neuroticism: Gender Differences in a Spatial Task

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Naein Branch, Naein, Iran

3 Department of Islamic Architecture, Imam Reza International University, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

This study was an attempt to investigate the relationship between spatial memory and Symptoms of Neuroticism in men and women visitors of a flower garden. The participants were chosen by an available sampling method among people who visited flower garden, located in Isfahan, Iran in October 2016. Subjects (woman=36, man=24) were asked to specify approximate locations of eight sites in the flower Garden on the incomplete map of flower garden after visiting the garden. Then, the subjects filled a demographic questionnaire and a short form of Eysenck introversion-extraversion questionnaire. The results showed that the means of spatial memory in men are significantly more than those of women (F= 11.46, p<0.05) and also, neuroticism in men is significantly less than that in women (F=7.22, P<0.05). Furthermore, positive relationship between age and spatial memory (r= 0.41, p<0.01) and negative relationship between neuroticism and spatial memory have been discovered (r= -0.59, p<0.01). According to the results, it can be concluded that neuroticism avoids paying attention to the environment and it causes memory function slump.

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