The Role of Teacher’s Characteristics on Mathematics Performance of Eighth- Grade Students from 2003 to 2015 (Based on International TIMSS Studies)

Document Type: Original Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate of Educational Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Azad Islamic University, Branch of Tehran Jonob, Tehran, Iran


The purpose of this study was to review the changes in the role of demographic and personality variables of mathematics teachers in predicting the mathematical progress of eighth-grade students in Iran and analyzed the trend of these variables in four international studies. For this purpose, we examined the data from 21434 eighth graders and 877 math teachers who had participated in four TIMSS studies (2003, 2007, 2011 & 2015). Among the educational variables influencing the educational development, ten variables including gender, age, history of teaching, the degree, major, teaching hours, job satisfaction, confidence, interaction with other teachers and teaching method were investigated using statistical methods of Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. The findings related to the demographic variables showed that the students ' mathematical performance changes were almost consonant with the changes of age, history of teaching, and teaching hours in both groups of male and female teachers. This coordination was not similar in the major and academic degrees. The results of multivariate regression showed that the students ' mathematical development was explained by the set of demographic and personality variables. Among these variables, teaching history and self - confidence of the teachers played the most important role in explaining the students ' progress, and the variables of the degree of education and gender did not contribute to the explanation of the students ' math’s progress. The findings show the necessity of paying more attention to the history of teaching and examining the reasons why major and teachers ' degree were not that influential in math development is essential.


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