Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Professor of Allameh Tabataba'i University

2 PhD Student, Educational Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, University of Toronto, Canada

10.22034/iepa.2021.319002.1323

Abstract

Wisdom is one of the highest virtues and in a wide range of social activities, ultimately improves oneself and society. It is inherently involved with ethical behavior and the pursuit of social justice and equity for all. Moral intelligence is also one of the moral constructs that lead humans to perform great valuable actions. The purpose of this study was to explain wisdom based on the moral intelligence. For this purpose, a sample of 350 adults (220 females and 130 males) in the age range of 20 to 72 was selected by multistage cluster sampling method from different districts and communities. They answered the wisdom questionaire of of San Diego and the moral intelligence of Lennik and Kiel. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results of the analysis demonstrated that the model fits best for this purpose as the effect of moral intelligence and its dimensions on wisdom was confirmed. Based on the results of this study, it is suggested that social and educational settings and environments, in addition to conventional intelligence, can benefit from moral intelligence where wise people with high wisdom can contribute effectively to a better community development.

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