Prediction of Need for Achievement and Responsibility based on Perceived Competence and Novelty-seeking in Islamic Azad University, Gachsaran Branch

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 PhD student in Educational Psychology, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Research Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/iepa.2020.236811.1180

Abstract

The current study aimed at predicting the need for achievement and responsibility among students based on their perceived competence and novelty-seeking. The population consisted of all the 987 students of Islamic Azad University in Gachsaran, Iran, and, based on Cochrane’s formula, a sample of 350 students was assessed using random cluster sampling. The study was practical and used a correlational design. The measures comprised the Herman’s Achievement Motivation Test, the Responsibility Questionnaire, the Perceived Competence Scale, the Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Cloninger’s Temperament and Character Inventory. Data from Pearson’s correlation coefficients and multivariable regression analyses showed that perceived competence and novelty-seeking could both meaningfully predict the need for achievement. Novelty-seeking was also a meaningful predictor of responsibility. However, perceived competence did not predict responsibility. The independent variables also, directly and indirectly, predicted the level of responsibility through the need for achievement, novelty-seeking, and perceived competence.
Keywords: Need for achievement; Novelty-seeking; Perceived competence; Responsibility.

Keywords