Prediction of Need for Achievement and Responsibility based on Perceived Competence and Novelty-seeking in Islamic Azad University, Gachsaran Branch

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student in Educational Psychology, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Research Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran



The current study aimed at predicting the need for achievement and responsibility among students based on their perceived competence and novelty-seeking. The population consisted of all the 987 students of Islamic Azad University in Gachsaran, Iran, and, based on Cochrane’s formula, a sample of 350 students was assessed using random cluster sampling. The study was practical and used a correlational design. The measures comprised the Herman’s Achievement Motivation Test, the Responsibility Questionnaire, the Perceived Competence Scale, the Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Cloninger’s Temperament and Character Inventory. Data from Pearson’s correlation coefficients and multivariable regression analyses showed that perceived competence and novelty-seeking could both meaningfully predict the need for achievement. Novelty-seeking was also a meaningful predictor of responsibility. However, perceived competence did not predict responsibility. The independent variables also, directly and indirectly, predicted the level of responsibility through the need for achievement, novelty-seeking, and perceived competence.
Keywords: Need for achievement; Novelty-seeking; Perceived competence; Responsibility.