Priority-Setting of Effective Components on the Teaching-Learning Model with Approach to Improving Problem-Solving Ability

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology,Faculty of Literature kerman branch ،Islamic Azad University, Kerman , Iran.

2 Ph.D. student of Educational psychology, Kerman Branch, islamic Azad University, Kerman, iran

3 Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology,Faculty of Literature ,Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch,Kerman , Iran.



Problem-solving is an ability human beings need to live better lives, however, some do not possess enough of this acquirable skill. Although many studies have concerned themselves with problem solving, this study has investigated it from a different angle. The present study was aimed at the priority-setting of components effective on the teaching-learning model, with a focus on improving problem solving ability in upper secondary school students. This study used a descriptive-correlational design. The population consisted of professors of the Education Department of Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, who were actively working in 2019-2020 academic year, a total of 12 professors. Out of them, 10 individuals were selected as the sample through non-random availability sampling, based on Morgan’s table. The questionnaire entailed 12 components and 38 items. Network analysis was adopted for priority-setting of effective components. Furthermore, data and statistical analyses were conducted using Super Decisions, SPSS, and Excel. The results showed that ‘creativeness and creativity’ was the most important component, and ‘intelligence’ the least important component in the teaching-learning model.