Comparison of the Effect of Conceptual Map and Traditional Instruction on Cognitive Learning Levels in the Course of Thinking and Media Literacy

Document Type: Original Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Educational Administration, Kazerun Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun, Iran

2 Department of Educational Administration, Kazerun Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun, Iran

3 Department of Educational Administration, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran



This study aimed to compare the effect of using conceptual map and traditional instruction on cognitive learning of Senior high school students in thinking and media literacy course. This is a quasi-experimental research using experimental and control groups. Three classes were chosen randomly (one for conceptual map teaching, one for the combination of lecture-based and conceptual map teaching (combined) and one as the control group).  In the combined group, learners were taught though conceptual mapping while the experimental group was exposed to both teacher-made conceptual map and combined method in eight sessions and the control group experienced traditional instruction. All the three groups completed the teacher-made academic achievement test in both levels of knowledge and high level of thinking.  The validity of the instrument measured through S. H. Lawshe formula was 0.78 and the reliability measured through Kuder - Richardson was 0.807. In order to analyze the data, covariance analysis was used. The findings of this study showed that the instruction was not effective at the level of knowledge, but there was a significant difference in the high level of comprehension which means that the highest effect was observed in the lecturing and conceptual mapping group (combined) while the lowest effect was attributed to the control group. 
Keywords: Presentation and construction of concept map, Bloom cognitive levels, Concept map, Meaningful learning


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