The Role of Achievement Motivation and Test Anxiety in Predicting Students' Self-handicapping and Procrastination

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Educational Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Educational Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

10.22034/iepa.2020.234196.1174

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the role of the achievement motivation and test anxiety in predicting students' self-handicapping and procrastination. The method was descriptive-correlational, and the statistical population included all young students of the University of Applied Sciences and Technology of East Tehran; who were studying in one of the faculties of this university in the academic year of 2017-2018. The Cochran's sample size estimation formula was used to determine the sample size, which were 340 people. The sampling was done on a basis of a random multi-step way. Edward E. Jon's self-efficacy scale, Herman's motivated progress, Solomon's and Rathblum's procrastination, and Sarason's test anxiety were used in the study in order to collect the data. The SPSS 24 and Pearson correlation and canonical correlation methods were used to analyze the data. The findings showed that predicting the variable of procrastination based on test anxiety variables and achievement motivation is significant (p .

Keywords


Alipour Birgani, S., Maktabi, G. H., Shahini Yilagh, M., & Mofradnejad, N. (2011). The Relationship between personality traits and academic self-efficacy and comparison of parenting styles in terms of recent variable in third year high school students. Journal of Psychological Achievements, 4 (3), 135-154.
Asgharnejad, T.  (2003). A Study of the relationship between self-efficacy and the database of successful study. Master Thesis. Shahid Beheshti University.
Atadakht, A.K., Mohammadi, J., & Basharpour, S. (2015). The Study of academic procrastination based on demographic variables and its relationship with the motivation of academic achievement and performance of high school students. Journal of School Psychology, 4 (2), 55-68.
Bahrami, H., & Abbasian Fard, M. (2011). Investigating the relationship between self-efficacy and achievement motivationin female pre-university students in Tehran. Roshd, 7 (1), 3-7.
Bakhshandeh Bavarsad, M., Hakim, A.Sh. S., Azimi, N., Latifi, S. M., & Ghaloundi, H. (2015). Nursing students viewpoints about educational motivation and its related factors in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Research in medical Science, 7 (1), 35-44.
Farhadi, A., Javaheri, F., Gholami, Y., & Farhadi, P. (2005). Happiness and its relationship with self-esteem of students in medical science University of Lorestan. The Quarterly Joulrnal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 7 (25-26), 57-62.
Fathi, A., Fathiya Azar, A., Badrigargari, R., & Mirnasb, M.M. (2015), The Effectiveness of teaching strategies to reduce academic procrastination in educational procrastination of high school students in Tabriz. Scientific Research Journal of Education and Evaluation, 8 (29), 31-42.
Ghazi, Sh., Hassanvandi, S., & Ghadmapour, E. (2017). Anticipation of test anxiety and academic self-handicapping based on Alexei Timeia. Journal of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, 19 (4), 22-32
Hashemi, L., & Latifian, M. (2013). Perfectionism and academic procrastination: Examining the role of intermediate test anxiety. Quarterly Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 2 (3), 73-99.
Herman. H.(1970). Progress Motivation Questionnaire. Translated by Abolfazl Karami. Tehran: Psychometric Publishing Center.
Hosseini Nasab, S. D., & Lotfollahi, M. (2013). A Study of the effectiveness of creativity techniques on academic progress in social studies courses for first year of high school girls in Tabriz. Scientific-Research Journal, Education and Evaluation, 7 (27), 23-37.
Kuhi, K., & Mohammadi Motahari, R. (2018). Study of the impact of self-esteem and social skills on social anxiety (the case study: Girl high scholl students of second region of Tabriz). The Quarterly Journal of Contemporary Sociological Research, 7 (13), 123-149.
Laki, D., Shukri, O., Sepah Mansour, M., & Ebrahimi, S. (2018). The Relationship between academic resilience and cognitive assessments and academic self-handicapping: The Mediating role of progressive emotions. Transformational Rationalism, 14 (55), 329-341.
Mehrabi-Zadeh, M. (2000). The Relationship between self-efficacy and test anxiety. Journal of Psychology and Educational Sciences, 3 (7), 55-72.
Omidi, A., Akbari, H., Jaddy-Arani, T. (2011). Efficacy of educational workshop on self-esteem of students at Kashan University of medical sciences. Journal of kashan University of Medical Science, 15 (2), 114-119.
Salehi, M., Hajizadeh, M., Falah, A., & Salim Bahrami, S. H. (2010). Effective factors on low acieivement motivation of girl and boy students of Islamic Azad University of Mazanderan. Journal of Social Sciences of Shoushtar Islamic Azad University, 4 (9), 73-86.
Sari, S. A., Bilek, G., & Celik, E. (2017). Test anxiety and self-esteem in senior school students: a cross-sectional study. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 72 (2), 84-88. DOI: 10.1080/08039488.2017.1389986
Seif, A.A. (d. 2006). Educational psychology. Tehran: Agah Publications.
Sepehrian Azar, F. (2011). Academic procrastination and its predictive factors. Educational Psychological Studies, 9 (28), 91- 121.
Seyyed Salehi, M., & Delavar, A. (2015). Study of the psychometrics features of self-handicapping scale. Educational Measurement Quarterly, 5 (20), 97-117.
Sheikhi, M., Hassan Fathabadi, J., & Heidari, M. (2013). The Relationship between anxiety, self-efficacy and perfectionism with negligence in editing thesis. Journal of Transformational Psychology, Iranian Psychologists, 9 (35), 296-283.
Shokrkon, H. (2002). A Study of the simple and multiple relationship between creativity, motivation for making progress and self-esteem and entrepreneurship in students of Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology, 3(9), 3-4.
Valizadeh, Z., Ahadi, H., Heydari, M., Mazaheri, M., & Kajbaf, M. B. (1395). The Structural Relationship of perfectionism, self-efficacy, goal orientation and interest in the field with students' academic procrastination. Modern Educational Thoughts, 12 (2), 9-31.
Yoon, S.U., & Kwon, Y.S. (2015). Relationship between test anxiety and self-esteem in partial health related department convergence College students. Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 6 (2015), 91-98. DOI: 10.15207/JKCS.2015.6.5.091