Developing a Model of Identity Styles and Emotional Intelligence with the Mediating Role of Self-Concept

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 M.Sc. Student in Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/iepa.2020.208539.1138

Abstract

The present study aimed to develop a model of identity styles based on emotional intelligence with the mediating role of self-concept. The statistical population of this study was 310 first and second-grade high school female students of Tehran in the academic year of 2018-2019. Standard questionnaires of Bar-On (1997) emotional intelligence, Berzonsky (1992) identity style, and Karami (2008) self-concept were used through structural equation modeling for analyzing data collected. The results showed that emotional intelligence had a positive relationship with normative identity, informational and commitment styles in high-school female students. On the other hand, it was found that self-concept has a positive relationship with commitment and informational identity styles and a negative relationship with diffuse identity style.Finally, regarding the mediating role of self-concept, the results showed that it mediated the relationship between emotional intelligence and commitment and informational identity styles positively, whereas negatively mediates the relationship between emotional intelligence and diffuse identity style. The results can be used to improve the social and individual status of students through the use of self-concept classes and workshops for students to enhance their level of critical thinking, as well as to change the attitude of families and society toward education on how to treat with their children.

Keywords


Ahadi, H., & Jamhari, F. (2007). Developmental psychology (adolescence and adulthood). Tehran: Pardis.
Alipour, A., & Ajir, M. (2017). The relationship between spiritual intelligence and emotional intelligence with adolescents’ identity styles in high school district 1 of Uromia, Second National Conference on Psychology and Counseling. Isfahan, Eight Behesht University, Isfahan.
Asgarian Moghadam, H., Bagheri, F., Jazayeri, M., Torkman, M., & Amiri, H. (2013). Comparison of emotional intelligence and identity styles in women with major depressive disorder and normal women with major depressive disorder and normal women. Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, 14(2), 109-119.
Bahadori Khosroshahi, J., & Mahmoud Aliloe, M. (2012). Investigating the relationship between identity styles and meaning in life in students. Journal of Psychological Studies, 8(2), 143-164.
Berger, S. E., & Adolph, K. E. (2015). Physical and Motor Development. In Developmental Science (pp. 269-342). Psychology Press.
Berzonsky, M. D. (2004). Identity style, parental authority, and identity commitment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33(3), 213-220.
Biabangard, E. (2011). Methods for increasing self-esteem in children and adolescents. Tehran: Association of Parents and Trainers.
Buckingham, D (2008). Introducing identity. The MIT Press, 1-24.
Cay, Z., Guan, Y., Li, H., Shi, W., Goo, K., Li, Q., Liu, Y., Han, X., Jiang, P., Fang, Zh., & Hua, H. (2015). Self-esteem and proactive personality as predictors of future work self and career adaptability: An examination of mediating and moderating processes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 86(2), 86-94.
Cisheng, W., & Sanaullah Shah, M. (2017). The Moderating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between emotional intelligence and identity development in adolescents. Foundation University Journal of Psychology, 1(5), 77-107.
Crocetti, E., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2018). The Multifaceted Nature of Identity. European Psychologist, 23(3), 273-277.
Dadfarnia, Sh., Naiemi, M., & Yarmand, S. (2013). Cognitive assessment, parental conflict style, and adolescent identity styles: Investigating the mediating role of conflict style, 6th International Conference on Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Tabriz: University of Medical Sciences and Health Services.
Eazazi Bojnordi, E., ghazaghi, T., Radfar, M., Sharifi, F., & Asadpour, A. A. (2018). Comparison between social adjustment and emotional intelligence in students with and without behavioral disorders. Journal of Empowering Exceptional Children, 9(1), 33-40.
Ebrahimi, R., & Haghighat, S. (2016). Investigation of identity styles based on self-concept and social behavior in male students of Pardis city. Journal of Analytical-Cognitive Psychology, 7(25), 63-76.
Ermer, E., Kahn, R. E., Salovey, P., & Kiehl, K. A. (2012). Emotional intelligence in incarcerated men with psychopathic traits. Journal of personality and social psychology103(1), 184-198.
Ghorbani, M., & Kazemi, H. (2011). The relationship between adolescent identity attitudes and emotional intelligence components, Regional Conference on Child and Adolescent Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Kermanshah. Kermanshah.
Golestan, A. R., Salemi Khameneh, A. L., & Zarghami, E. (2018). Comparison of identity styles, self-efficacy and emotional intelligence in normal adolescents and adolescents with behavioral disorders. Journal of Exceptional Child Empowerment, 9(3), 99-109.
Kroger, J. (2017). Identity development in adolescence and adulthood. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology, 13(4), 1-23.
Magnano, P., Craparo, G., & Paolillo, A. (2016). Resilience and Emotional Intelligence: which role in achievement motivation. International Journal of Psychological Research9(1), 9-20.
Maher, H., & Winston, C. N. (2017). What it feels like to be me: Linking emotional intelligence, identity, and intimacy. Journal of Adolescence56, 162-165.
Nouri, R. (2014). Comparison of attachment styles, identity styles, and emotional intelligence in adolescents with aggressive and normal syndromes. M.Sc. Thesis of Educational Psychology, Azad University, Central Tehran Branch.
Omidi Karkani, M., & Osareh, A. R. (2017). Modeling the impact of identity styles on school belief by mediating academic self-concept in female students. Journal of Family and Research, 1(4), 119-136.
Safarinia, M., & Sheikhi, Z. (2016). The study and comparison of dream and real self-concepts in students’ identity styles. Journal of Social Psychology Research, 6(23). Page????
Sánchez-Álvarez, N., Extremera, N., & Fernández-Berrocal, P. (2016). The relation between emotional intelligence and subjective well-being: A meta-analytic investigation. The Journal of Positive Psychology11(3), 276-285.
Schutte, N. S., & Loi, N. M. (2014). Connections between emotional intelligence and workplace flourishing. Personality and Individual Differences66, 134-139.
Soleiman Nejad, A., & Zeinali, F. (2016). Investigating the relationship between emotional intelligence and identity styles in high school students, Fourth Scientific Conference on Educational and Psychological Sciences, Iranian Social and Cultural Injuries, Tehran, Association for Development and Promotion of Fundamental Sciences and Technologies.
Valikhani, A., Saleh Mohammad Abadi, M., & Maleki Majd, M. (2018). A comparative study of the mediating role of spiritual intelligence in the relationship between identity styles and emotional intelligence in high school students in Bam. Journal of Developmental Psychology, 7(8), 71-90.